The Sariska is located in Alwar district of Rajasthan and can be considered a central point for visiting various attractions within its vicinity.The region mainly famous for the Sariska is Tiger Reserve. Some of the main transport options around the reserve are jeeps safaris. Private vehicles are not allowed inside the Tiger Reserve, and this is one point to note while taking up a trip to Sariska.
Sariska Tiger Reserve is well nestled in the Aravali Hills covering approximate 1231 sq km area divided into the grasslands, dry deciduous forests, sheer cliffs and rocky landscape. Whether you want to have safaris, go out for shopping in the surrounding places, visit medieval palaces or wildlife watching.
Nearly 90% of area in sanctuary is covered with dhok trees accommodating various wildlife species. A variety of other wild animals like leopard, sambhar, chital, nilgai, four-horned antelope, wild boar, rhesus macaque, langur, hyena and jungle cats are found in the Sariska Tiger Reserve apart from the tiger.
The Sariska National Park is home to India's largest population of peafowl, and harbours quail, sand grouse, golden- backed woodpeckers and crested serpent eagles, among other species. Also the Siliserh Lake on the edge of the park has a large number of crocodiles.
Water body within the Sariska Reserve, Rajasthan.
Summer Max: 41.0 degree C Min. 28.0 Degree C
Winter Max: 23.0 degree C Min. 8.0 Degree C
Altitude: between 300 m and 722 m MSL
Rainfall: average 650 mm (per year)
Humidity: 70 percent
Forest types: tropical, dry, deciduous, and tropical thorn
Total area: 1231sq.km.
Sariska (core) area: 692sq.km.
Sariska (Buffer) area: 539sq.km.
The Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary houses the ruins of medieval temples of Garh-Rajor that date back to the 10th and 11th centuries. Also a 17th century castle on a hilltop at Kankwari provides a panoramic view of flying vultures and eagles. The Sariska was declared a sanctuary in 1955 and attained the status of a National Park in 1979.
Sariska is a special Tiger Reserve also because the natural history of the ecosystem combines with the rich history of the country. The ruins of Shiv temples and a few Jain temples that exist in the archaeological complex of Garh Rajore, belong to a period between 8th and 10th century. The abandoned fort of Kankwari tells of the grim story of the Moghul Empire , where Prince Darah Shikoh was kept in prison for years by his younger brother Aurangzeb. Pandupole, with a legend of Pandava period, Narainimata temple and Bharthari temple are the centres of attraction for thousands of pilgrims.
The terrain of Sariska is hilly with numerous valleys, both wide and narrow, and expansive undulating plateaus. The characteristic features of the Aravalli range - sharp hog -black ridges - are conspicuous in the Reserve. Most of the high ridges are composed of quartzite conglomerates and grits.
The forests are of a typical dry deciduous type with Dhok as the dominant tree species of gentle to moderate slopes constituting over 90% of the tree canopy. The ridges support Salar on steep dry slopes. Khair and Cheela occur in vally beds. Bamboo grows to a limited extent along moist and cooler parts. Aam, Jamun, Arjun and Bahera, which grow in moist depression and on nallah banks attain large sizes. The ground cover is mainly Ber, and Adusa. Zizyphus and Grewia are good fodder species. The dried and fallen leaves of Dhok help the herbivores to tide over the fodder scarcity during summer months. The forests become lush green in the monsoon months and completely dry in the summer months.
Sariska is very rich in wild animals. Panther, Hyena, Jackal and Jungle cat are the carnivores of the forest. Caracal and Wild dog are seen very rarely. Among the prey population are the Sambhar, Chital, Nilgai, Wild boar, Hare and Porcupine etc. Sariska is unique in animal distribution. The wild animals here seem to have decided their area -limits. Slopka is best for observing the Sambhar, Kundli for Chitals and Tarunda & Kalighati for Nilgai. Four -horned antelopes or chausingha can be seen in the Pondupole Nallah. Chausingha is exclusively Indian and is the only buck on earth with four horns.
Sariska is also famous for its population of common Langurs and the Rhesus monkeys. Talviksh is where the main population of Rhesus exists and one can see hundreds of them at a time. Langurs can be seen in large numbers at Pandupole, slopka and Kalighati as well.
In sariska, observing Wildlife at the water holes is quite fascinating during the hot days of April, May and June. Water requirements increase and Wildlife activities get restricted to the water holes,specially around Kalighati and Slopaka. Sambars, Chitals, Nilgais, Chausinghas, Jackals, Wild boars, Langurs etc. visit water holes throughout the day. The predators appear around dusk or during the silence of the night.
For the ornithologists and birding enthusiasts, the natural surroundings of Sariska draw the migratory birds from Siberia and China. It is quite a mingling of horned owl, tree pie, grey partridge, woodpecker, peafowl, crested serpent eagle, bush quail, sand grouse. Probably, Sariska is the richest Tiger Reserve as far as avifauna is concerned. More than 225 species of birds can be seen here. The populations of Peafowl, Grey partridges and Bush quail are conspicuous. Other commonly seen birds are Parakeets, Red spurfowl, Doves Green pigeon, Flycatchers, Bee-eaters, Shrikes, Woodpeckers Vultures and Nightjars etc.
Trees Checklist of Sariska
Dhok (Anogeissus pendula) is the dominanat tree species covering over 90 per cent area of the forest. Boswellia serreta and Lannea cormandalica grow at rocky patches. Kattha (Acacia catechu) and Bamboo are common in the valleys. Some valleys support Palas (Butea monosperma) and Ber (Zizyphus spp.). Besides these, some noteworthy tree species are Arjun (Terminalia arjuna), gugul (Commiphora wightii), Kadaya (Sterculia urens), Amla (Emblica officinalis), Bahera (Terminalia belerica).
SARISKA is the only Tiger Reserve in close proximity of the Country's capital City of New Delhi and Rajasthan's capital city Jaipur.
Distance and Routes
From Delhi: 200 Kms. via Gurgaon - Dharuhera - Bhiwari Tijara - Kishangarhbas - Alwar.
From Jaipur: 110 Kms. via Shahpura - Bairath - Thanagazi.
From Delhi: maximum 4hrs.
From Jaipur: approx. 2hrs.
Airport: Nearest Airport - Jaipur 110 km. Several flights from Delhi , Mumbai and other parts of India.
For further details visit: www.indian-airlines.nic.in , www.jetairways.com , www.airsahara.net
Railways: The nearest rail junction is Alwar at a distance of 35 km, from where you can hire a taxi or travel by bus to the park.
For further details visit: www.indianrail.gov.in
Roadways: There are direct buses that ply between Delhi and Jaipur also go via Alwar and Sariska.
For further details visit: www.rsrtc.com